The majestic Hohensalzburg Fortress
The Hohensalzburg Fortress, an emblematic monument and one of the best-preserved medieval castles in Europe, rises majestically above the city of Salzburg. The fortress not only offers a breathtaking view of the city and its surroundings, but also a fascinating insight into Salzburg's history. Let's take a virtual tour of this historic landmark.
The emergence of the Hohensalzburg Fortress
Archbishop Gebhard built the Hohensalzburg fortress during the Investiture Controversy in 1077 as a bulwark against enemy attacks. The fortress was expanded and improved several times over the years, especially under Archbishops Leonhard von Keutschach and Paris Lodron, who made the building what we see today. It was used as the residence of the archbishops and as a defensive structure, but was never conquered by enemy troops.
The architecture of the fortress is impressive.
Hohensalzburg Fortress is an impressive example of medieval fortress architecture. It covers an area of more than 30,000 square metres and features a mixture of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements. Among the most remarkable structures is the magnificent Prince's Hall, once used as a banqueting hall and later as a theatre. The golden Salzburg Bull, a huge mechanical organ built in 1502, is another highlight.
The view from the fortress
One of the highlights of a visit to Hohensalzburg Fortress is undoubtedly the breathtaking view of Salzburg and the surrounding countryside. From the ramparts you have a 360-degree view of the city, the Salzach river, the surrounding mountains and all the way to the Salzkammergut. It is the perfect place to enjoy the panorama of the city and its impressive natural surroundings.
The fortress today
Today, Hohensalzburg Fortress is a popular tourist destination and offers visitors a wide range of activities. In addition to the historical buildings, there are three museums: the Fortress Museum, the Puppet Museum and the Rainer Regiment Museum. You can also visit the castle dungeon, the fortifications and the medieval blast furnace. In addition, concerts and events are held regularly, including the famous Salzburg Fortress Concert.
The Hohensalzburg Fortress is more than just a historical monument - it is a living symbol of Salzburg's proud history and rich cultural heritage.